Tuesday, April 15, 2014


As seen in The Plaindealer:

"The Canadians are well armed, hardy, inured to fatigue, abstemious in their habits, and thorough republicans in principle, as well as by the French laws of division of wealth. Guns are to be found in every house."

"As marksmen they are infinitely superiour to British soldiers, for (thanks to the absence of game laws) they are accustomed from infancy to the use of fire-arms. Their courage was well proved in the war of 1812, in which the chasseurs, voltigeurs, and battalions of militia of Lower Canada, were as gallant, fine looking, bold and effective troops a any in the service."

From Historic Canada, the Voltigeurs of the War of 1812:

"On 15 April, Lieutenant General Sir George Prevost, governor of British North America and commander of its armed forces, raised a Provincial Corps of Light Infantry in Lower Canada known as the Voltigeurs de Qu├ębec."

See what the uniform looks like here.

Monday, April 14, 2014

Dateline Detroit Circa 1818


I have the honor to transmit herewith, a list of officers....service of the 3rd Regiment....they are:
Bvt. Major Charles Larabee [who is in Hartford, Conn.]
1st Lt. J. Culbertson
2nd Lt. B. E. Burd
.....Capt. Mackinac, Green Bay or Chicago....
Jos. L. Smith, Col.
[Addressed To] Brig. Gen. D. Parker

Major Z. Taylor, Louisville, Kentucky, also listed, as was E. Brooks of Detroit and L. Cass of Zanesville, Ohio.

Sunday, April 13, 2014

Lydia And Her Son Hiram

The Escape Of Lydia Hayward as portrayed in the Old Hay Bay Church website [see the map, too]:

[...story of an American family caught in Upper Canada by the outbreak of the war, and their escape. It is taken from a small book...entitled: Narrative of Mrs. Lydia [Barker] Hayward, including the Life, Call to the Ministry and Extensive Travels of Her Husband, the late Elder Joshua Hayward. Union Mills, N.Y., 1846. We pick up her story shortly after President Madison declared war on Britain, 18 June 1812.]

The biography of Hiram Hayward, Lydia's son, was found in the Portrait and Biographical Album of Sanilac County, Michigan:

Hiram Hayward, practicing physician resident on section 14 Worth Township, is the son of Joshua and Lydia (Barker) Hayward. The former was a native of Massachusetts, the latter of the State of New York. After their marriage they settled in Saratoga, N.Y., and in 1808 they removed to Canada, where they lived four years. Joshua Hayward was pressed into the British service during the contest of Great Britain with the United States, but he deserted at the end of a month and returned to his native State. He at once enlisted in the army of the United States and remained in the Federal service until the close of the war. He afterwards became a preacher and pursued that vocation 20 years.  He died May 17, 1840, near Richfield Springs, N.Y., aged 58 years.  His widow died Dec. 5, 1881, in Ontario, at the advanced age of 93 years.

Dr. Hayward is the eldest son of his parents, and was born in Jefferson Co., N.Y.,  Dec. 25, 1815. At the early age of nine years he became master of own maintenance which he secured entirely without assistance. He obtained a good education in common schools and by study at home under directions of his mother. He began to read medicine when he was 17 years old under the care of his uncle, Isaac Hayward, continuing with him three years when he lost his instructor by death.

He continued his professional career in the State New York until 1849 when he removed to Canada. He there combined the practice of medicine with ministry until 1866. In the summer of that year he went to Wisconsin with the purpose of making a permanent settlement, but found the selected locality distasteful and in September following he came to Michigan.

In 1867 he organized the Worth Christian Church and was its Pastor.

Hiram died on September 1, 1903, in Sanilac County, Michigan.

Saturday, April 12, 2014

Ill-Conceived Attack On Fort Bowyer


The War of 1812:... and Fort Bowyer:

[Another source named the Captain as Percy -- Percy or Perry?]

From the Life and times of Andrew Jackson:

"The significance of the great victory at Mobile may not be readily perceived.  Its place in history can only be appreciated by its environments.  It was the first battle ever fought by the British in what is known as the great Southwest."

Fort Bowyer Morphed To Fort Morgan.

Friday, April 11, 2014

Was Faribault A Trader And A Spy?


Excerpt from the Memoir of Jean Baptiste Faribault (also here)

When the war of 1812 was declared, the British Government made great efforts to enlist the Indians of the Northwest against the Americans. Knowing the great influence wielded by the traders among...[them], commissions in the British army were tendered to each of them, and they were accepted by all but Messrs. Faribault and Provencalle, who declined to take any part against the American Government. The subject of this memoir was consequently arrested by a Col. McCall [possibly McKay], of the British militia service, and held as a prisoner on a gunboat, commanded by a Capt. Henderson, on board of which were two hundred men, en route to Prairie du Chien to dislodge the Americans. He was ordered to take his turn at the oar, but absolutely refused, saying he was a gentleman, and not accustomed to that kind of labor.

This article at the Mississippi Brigade wondered if Faribault was a spy:

"But Faribault and U.S. interpreter Joseph La Rocque seemed to have been appearing British but were actually risking their lives to gather information at Prairie to aid Boilvin."
"Faribault appears to have been exposed as an American sympathizer in July of 1813, when his property is burned and possessions plundered by the Winnebago."

Faribault had declined the honor of serving for the British.

Thursday, April 10, 2014

Major McFarland's Papers

From The Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine, Volume 51, 1968, April   Number 2:

A Hawk of 1812
By John Newell Crombie

Major Daniel McFarland (1787 - 1814) of Washington County, Pennsylvania was commissioned in the 23rd U.S. Infantry on August 15, 1813 [also the 22nd U.S. Infantry].

"...nothing appears in the records until April1, 1814, when he began his journal."

Journal Kept by Maj. D. McFarland, Commencing the first Day of April 1814, 23rd Rgt Inftry:

April 2d, 1814
Left home in Washington Coty Pena for Sackets Harbor by order of the War Dept staid at Washington.
Left Washington accompanied by Capt. Morrow 22d Infty arrived at Pittsburgh
Staid at Pitt, found some old friends, viz Col Brady, Lt Guy, Green etc

He was killed at Lundy's Lane on 25 July 1814.