Thursday, September 18, 2014

The Entire Want Of Preparation


Mr. Henry Adams in his second volume of the " History of the United States" devotes two chapters to the events connected with the surrender of Detroit in 1812, in which he shows the entire want of preparation with which President and congress, under the influence of Henry Clay and others, rushed into a conflict with the veterans of England on land, and her thousand war-ships on the ocean; and the imbecility of the war
department, of its chief Dr. Eustis, and the poor organization of the small army which was scattered over an immense territory on garrison duty, while new regiments not yet raised were relied upon for the conquest of Canada. He says, " The senior major-general and commander-in-chief was Henry Dearborn, the other major-general was Thomas Pinckney. The brigadiers were James Wilkinson, Wade Hampton, Joseph Bloomfield, James Winchester, and William Hull."

Wednesday, September 17, 2014

Richmonds In War of 1812

Adam Richmond enlisted in the War of 1812, with his brother Ezra, and they were the first of the ill-fated volunteers who crossed into Canada.  They were under Gen. Dans [Davis]* of Leroy, N.Y.  "He was a straight-forward, energetic, industrious farmer, of good moral character, and strictly temperate in all things."  They lived at Greenbush, Mich.  [Source: JB Richmond book]
Again in September, while the war was in progress at and near Fort Erie, in Canada, news came to us that the British were about to attack the Fort and our troops there must be reinforced.
A sortie was made from the Fort September 17th...A man of our company named Howard was killed, another named Sheldon was wounded in the shoulder, and Moses Bacon was taken prisoner and carried to Halifax.
*In that sortie General [Daniel] Davis, of Le Roy, was killed, and Gen. Peter B. Porter was taken prisoner, and rescued again the same day. We came home after an absence of twenty-four days. [Source]

Adam and David Richmond were witnesses for Abram Butterfield's Pension Application for his War of 1812 service:

Source At Fold3
 "...of the aforesaid Captain Buell's Company or Lieutenant Butler's Company, viz: David Richmond, Adam Richmond, Thomas Howard, Caleb Cooley and Asa Butterfield, and that the aforesaid Thomas Howard, who died on his way to Halifax, Nova Scotia, at Quebec was a prisoner with me being taken by the British at the Battle of Fort Erie."

Tuesday, September 16, 2014

Correspondence From Camp Seneca

From the Western Reserve Historical Society. 'Biographical Notices and Correspondence ....


CAMP MEIGS, Sept 12th, 1813.

Dear Sir: — If there is nothing at Camp Seneca or Sandusky for the 19th Regt, I wish you to have all the men belonging to the Regt at Seneca clothed, and all that will be able for the campaign, kept under the command of Ensign Mitchell until they join me. I am informed that there are a number of scattering soldiers of the 19th Regt about Seneca & Sandusky, exclusive of those now with Ensign Mitchell; some driving waggons and some In other Regiments, &c. If you can find any such, you will please to claim them, and attach them to the rest. The brave Capt. Nevung died on the 9th inst., and was buried on the day following. I believe the cause of his death was owing to his over fatiguing himself on his return to this place. He vomited nearly all the way from Camp Seneca, and was taken very bad the same night he arrived here.

Some of our Indians who went in the direction of Brownstown a few days ago, returned this evening, and informs us, that yesterday about 12 o'clock, they saw our fleet, and that of the British engage, and that the engagement continued until midnight. We are in great anxiety here to know the result.

I am with respect & esteem,

Your Obt Servt,
Col. 19th Infantry.

Major G [George] Tod, 19th Regt Infantry, Camp Seneca.

Sunday, September 14, 2014

General Orders At Plattsburgh

Extracts From General Orders Issued By GEN. ALEX. MACOMB
At Plattsburgh, September 14, 1814 

"The Governor General of the Canadas and Commander in Chief of the British forces in North America, having invaded the Territories of the United States, with the avowed purpose of conquering the country as far as Crown Point and Ticonderoga, there to winter his forces with a view to further conquest, brought with him a powerful army and flotilla,--an army amounting to fourteen thousand men, completely equipped and accompanied by a numerous train of artillery and all the engines of war,--men who had conquered in France, Spain, Portugal, the Indies, and in various parts of the Globe, and led by the most distinguished Generals of the British army.  A flotilla also, superior to ours in vessels, men, and guns, had determined at once to crush us both by land and by water."

"The Governor General * * * appeared before the village of Plattsburgh, with his whole army, and on the eleventh, the day fixed for the general attack, the flotilla arrived."

From A List Of Pensioners...