Tuesday, December 29, 2015

Little Turtle, Blue Jacket, And The Schemes Of The British Agents

A preliminary view of Indian affairs will enable us to understand this commencement of the war. By the combined counsels and schemes of the British agents, and some of the principal chiefs among the Indians, the seeds of hostility were sown among them soon after the peace of Greenville, and were gradually nurtured into war.

At that time, Little Turtle and Blue Jacket were the leading chiefs among the northwestern tribes. They had disagreed about the manner of opposing [General Anthony] Wayne s army. The plan of Blue Jacket was adopted, and eventuated in the total defeat of the Indians, as predicted by the other. After this event, Little Turtle continued friendly to the United States. He was of opinion, that the Indian tribes were unable to contend against the Americans; that no material aid would be furnished them by the British; and that would only be the means of their losing more of their lands. Blue Jacket had more confidence in the British; he thirsted for revenge against the Americans; and he wished to regain the lands which had been ceded by the treaty of Greenville. [Source]

Also see the Aug 2013 postNative American And British Influence At The Close Of The Revolutionary War.

Monday, December 28, 2015

Powers' Claims In Canada

The War of 1812 at Library and Archives of Canada included the War of 1812: Board of Claims for Losses, 1813-1848...:

Powers, Image 910  [Not ours]

There's an index of claims in a separate source here at the Global Genealogy site. 

Saturday, December 26, 2015

Back To The Same (Pre-War) Footing

Portrait Of William Clark (St. Louis Arch Museum)

Treaty With The Sioux Of St. Peter's River

Ratified Dec. 26, 1815

"THE parties being desirous of re-establishing peace and friendship between the United States and the said tribe...on the same footing upon which they stood before the late war between the United States and Great Britain...".

A few of the signatories and witnesses:

William Clark, [L. S.]

Ninian Edwards, [L. S.]

Auguste Chouteau, [L. S.]

Wasoukapaha, the Falling Hail, his x mark, [L. S.]

Manpinsaba, the Black Cloud, his x mark, [L. S.]

John T. Chunn, brevet major of the U. S.Army

Sunday, December 20, 2015

A Man Of Force

From the Reminiscences of Colonel Robert Chester:

I asked about General Jackson's displays of temper. Colonel Chester replied that he was a man of  force, and used his temper to gain his ends, but was not of bad or ungovernable temper. " His manners were courtly, and the expression used about him at the time was that he was as able in the cock-pit as in the battle-field, as capable in small as in great things. He was a believer in predestination, and trusted and believed in special Providence, considering the battle of New Orleans as an evidence of Divine favor vouchsafed him."

I served under Jackson at New Orleans," Colonel Chester went on, " and he once said to me that the battle was won by Coffee's repulse of the night attack of the British. Had that attack succeeded there were not Americans enough to hold the line. This was in December, before the arrival of Carroll. Cotton bales were undoubtedly used in the fortifications. [Source]

Wednesday, December 16, 2015

Diah Manning's Family


"Diah Manning's son, Asa (b. 1795) was also a drummer in the war of 1812 [Diah was a drummer in the Revolutionary War], and from the history of Norwich, we quote his own account of the battle of Lundy's Lane. 'There were some 45 of us Norwich boys who fought at Lundy's Lane, some of whom laid down their lives on that bloody field and all fought with courageous gallantry. We brought off our flag, though it was shot from the staff and riddled with 30 or 40 bullet holes.'"

There's a Haitian connection to this family:


"The family of Diah Manning were extremely kind in their attentions to a young Haytien mulatto who had been taken prisoner in 1800 by an American ship during the Haytien war and brought with several others of his countrymen to Norwich. This young mulatto, Jean Pierre Boyer, afterward became the President of the Republic of Hayti, and nearly twenty years afterward, sent a present of $400 each to the widows of Consider Sterry and Diah Manning in return for their kindness to him in his captivity." [Source]

Monday, December 14, 2015

Firewood From Arlington


The winter of eighteen hundred, following the invasion of Washington by the British, was so severe that loaded wagons could pass backward and forward across the ice of the frozen Potomac with perfect safety. To mitigate the sad want of fuel in those days, Mr. Custis permitted families needing wood for home use to cut and remove what they needed from Arlington forest free of charge. [Source]

Monday, December 7, 2015

Thoughts Of War Compared To 1940


Excerpts from a book published Christmas, 1940 [before a "date that will live in infamy" and the Declaration Of War by the United States]:

"Across the sea, even as in 1940, a world-shaking conflict was going on. Although America desired to have no part in it, our national rights and our peaceful commerce were assailed with fine impartiality by both warring nations."

"...it was reserved for his [Jefferson's] political heir, President Madison, to pilot the country through a three-year war."

"...we declared war in 1812 upon the greatest military power in the world. If Denmark in the spring of 1940 had declared war upon Germany and confidently anticipated romping into Berlin in a few weeks' time, the exhibition of national folly suggested would have been scarcely more astounding." 

"As it turned out, such factors as our distance from Europe and the preoccupation of Great Britain with the Napoleonic struggle preserved America from the national defeat and dismemberment we had so rashly invited. Saved by a hairsbreadth from such a fate...".